My View is the Best View:
Procedure Learning from Egocentric Videos

Siddhant Bansal        Chetan Arora        C.V. Jawahar       

ECCV 2022

Paper        Dataset        Code        Video        Poster       

What is Procedure Learning?

Given multiple videos of a task, the goal is to identify the key-steps and their order to perform the task.

 

Provided multiple videos of making a pizza, the goal is to identify the steps required to prepare the pizza and their order.

EgoProceL Dataset

EgoProceL is a large-scale dataset for procedure learning. It consists of 62 hours of egocentric videos recorded by 130 subjects performing 16 tasks for procedure learning. EgoProceL contains videos and key-step annotations for multiple tasks from CMU-MMAC, EGTEA Gaze+, and individual tasks like toy-bike assembly, tent assembly, PC assembly, and PC disassembly.

Why an egocentric dataset for Procedure Learning?

Using third-person videos for procedure learning makes the manipulated object small in appearance and often occluded by the actor, leading to significant errors. In contrast, we observe that videos obtained from first-person (egocentric) wearable cameras provide an unobstructed and clear view of the action.

Existing datasets majorly consist of third-person videos for procedure learning. Third-person videos contain issues like occlusion and atypical camera locations that makes them ill-suited for procedure learning. Additionally, the datasets rely on videos from YouTube that are noisy. In contrast, we propose to use egocentric videos that overcome the issues posed by third-person videos. Third-person frames in the figure are from ProceL and CrossTask and the first-person frames are from EgoProceL.

Overview of EgoProceL

EgoProceL consists of

  • 62 hours of videos captured by
  • 130 subjects
  • performing 16 tasks
  • maximum of 17 key-steps
  • average 0.38 foreground ratio
  • average 0.12 missing steps ratio
  • average 0.49 repeated steps ratio

A portion of EgoProceL consist of videos from the following datasets:

Downloads

 

We recommend referring to the README before downloading the videos. Mirror link.

Videos

Link: OneDrive

Annotations

Link: OneDrive

CnC framework for Procedure Learning

We present a novel self-supervised Correspond and Cut (CnC) framework for procedure learning. CnC identifies and utilizes the temporal correspondences between the key-steps across multiple videos to learn the procedure. Our experiments show that CnC outperforms the state-of-the-art on the benchmark ProceL and CrossTask datasets by 5.2% and 6.3%, respectively.

 

 

CnC takes in multiple videos from the same task and passes them through the embedder network trained using the proposed TC3I loss. The goal of the embedder network is to learn similar embeddings for corresponding key-steps from multiple videos and for temporally close frames. The ProCut Module (PCM) localizes the key-steps required for performing the task. PCM converts the clustering problem to a multi-label graph cut problem. The output provides the assignment of frames to the respective key-steps and their ordering.

 

Paper

Code

The code for this work is available on GitHub!
Link: Sid2697/EgoProceL-egocentric-procedure-learning

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, under DST/ICPS/Data-Science project ID T-138. A portion of the data used in this paper was obtained from kitchen.cs.cmu.edu and the data collection was funded in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. EEEC-0540865. We acknowledge Pravin Nagar and Sagar Verma for recording and sharing the PC Assembly and Disassembly videos at IIIT Delhi. We also acknowledge Jehlum Vitasta Pandit and Astha Bansal for their help with annotating a portion of EgoProceL.

 

Please consider citing the following works if you make use of the EgoProceL dataset:

@InProceedings{EgoProceLECCV2022,
author="Bansal, Siddhant
and Arora, Chetan
and Jawahar, C.V.",
title="My View is the Best View: Procedure Learning from Egocentric Videos",
booktitle = "European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)",
year="2022"
}

@InProceedings{CMU_Kitchens,
author = "De La Torre, F. and Hodgins, J. and Bargteil, A. and Martin, X. and Macey, J. and Collado, A. and Beltran, P.",
title = "Guide to the Carnegie Mellon University Multimodal Activity (CMU-MMAC) database.",
booktitle = "Robotics Institute",
year = "2008"
}

@InProceedings{egtea_gaze_p,
author = "Li, Yin and Liu, Miao and Rehg, James M.",
title =  "In the Eye of Beholder: Joint Learning of Gaze and Actions in First Person Video",
booktitle = "European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)",
year = "2018"
}

@InProceedings{meccano,
    author    = "Ragusa, Francesco and Furnari, Antonino and Livatino, Salvatore and Farinella, Giovanni Maria",
    title     = "The MECCANO Dataset: Understanding Human-Object Interactions From Egocentric Videos in an Industrial-Like Domain",
    booktitle = "Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)",
    year      = "2021"
}

@InProceedings{tent,
author = "Jang, Youngkyoon and Sullivan, Brian and Ludwig, Casimir and Gilchrist, Iain and Damen, Dima and Mayol-Cuevas, Walterio",
title = "EPIC-Tent: An Egocentric Video Dataset for Camping Tent Assembly",
booktitle = "International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops",
year = "2019"
}